Federal Constitutional Court

Wednesday, 1 March 2017 - 12:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, House of the Month
Reading Time:  5 minutes

© Dr. Ronald Kunze/cc-by-3.0

© Dr. Ronald Kunze/cc-by-3.0

The Federal Constitutional Court (German: Bundesverfassungsgericht; abbreviated: BVerfG) is the supreme constitutional court for the Federal Republic of Germany, established by the constitution or Basic Law (Grundgesetz) of Germany. Since its inception with the beginning of the post-WW2 republic, the court has been located in the city of Karlsruhe—intentionally distanced from the other federal institutions in Berlin (earlier in Bonn) and other cities. The main task of the court is judicial review, and it may declare legislation unconstitutional, thus rendering them ineffective. In this respect, it is similar to other supreme courts with judicial review powers, yet the court possesses a number of additional powers, and is regarded as among the most interventionist and powerful national courts in the world. Unlike other supreme courts, the constitutional court is not an integral stage of the judicial or appeals process (aside from cases concerning constitutional or public international law), and does not serve as a regular appellate court from lower courts or the Federal Supreme Courts on any violation of federal laws.

The court’s jurisdiction is focused on constitutional issues and the compliance of all governmental institutions with the constitution. Constitutional amendments or changes passed by the Parliament are subject to its judicial review, since they have to be compatible with the most basic principles of the Grundgesetz defined by the eternity clause. The court’s practice of enormous constitutional control frequency on the one hand, and the continuity in judicial restraint and political revision on the other hand, have created a unique defender of the Grundgesetz since the end of World War II and given it a significant role in Germany’s modern democracy.

© Tobias Helfrich/cc-by-sa-3.0 Prinz Max Palais - Amtssitz des Bundesverfassungsgericht von 1951 bis 1969 © Martin Dürrschnabel © Dr. Ronald Kunze/cc-by-3.0 © Günter Josef Radig/cc-by-sa-3.0-de
<
>
Prinz Max Palais - Amtssitz des Bundesverfassungsgericht von 1951 bis 1969 © Martin Dürrschnabel
The court consists of two senates, each of which has eight members, headed by a senate’s chairman. The members of each senate are allocated to three chambers for hearings in constitutional complaint and single regulation control cases. Each chamber consists of three judges, so each senate chairman is at the same time a member of two chambers. Decisions by a senate require a majority. In some cases a two-thirds vote is required. Decisions by a chamber need to be unanimous. A chamber is not authorized to overrule a standing precedent of the senate to which it belongs; such issues need to be submitted to the senate as a whole. Similarly, a senate may not overrule a standing precedent of the other senate, and such issues will be submitted to a plenary meeting of all 16 judges (the Plenum). Unlike all other German courts, the court often publishes the vote count on its decisions (though only the final tally, not every judge’s personal vote) and even allows its members to issue a dissenting opinion. This possibility, introduced only in 1971, is a remarkable deviation from German judicial tradition. One of the two senate chairmen is also the president of the court, the other one being the vice-president. The presidency alternates between the two senates, i.e. the successor of a president is always chosen from the other senate. The current president of the court is Andreas Voßkuhle.

The Constitutional Court is able to actively administer the law and ensure that political and bureaucratic decisions comply with the rights of the individual enshrined in the Basic Law. Specifically, it can vet the democratic and constitutional legitimacy of bills proposed by federal or state government, scrutinise decisions (such as those relating to taxation) by the administration, arbitrate disputes over the implementation of law between states and the federal government, and (most controversially) ban non-democratic political parties. The Constitutional Court enjoys more public trust than the federal or state parliaments, which some say derives from the German enthusiasm for the rule of law.

Read more on Bundesverfassungsgericht and Wikipedia Bundesverfassungsgericht. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Theme Week Tunisia - Kasserine

Theme Week Tunisia - Kasserine

[caption id="attachment_168283" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © looklex.com[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Kasserine is the capital city of the Kasserine Governorate, in west-central Tunisia. It is situated below Jebel ech Chambi, Tunisia's highest mountain. Its population is 110,000. By road it is 200 kilometres west of Sfax, 246 kilometres (180 mi) south-west of Tunis, 166 kilometres (141 mi) south-west of Sousse. In classical antiquity it was a Roman colony, known as Cillium. Under Roman Emperor Vespasian (69-79) or Ti...

[ read more ]

Frankenmuth in Michigan

Frankenmuth in Michigan

[caption id="attachment_171478" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Zehnder's © AndrewHorne/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Frankenmuth is a city in Saginaw County in Michigan. The population is at 5,000. The city is located within Frankenmuth Township survey area. Bronner's Christmas Wonderland, which bills itself as "the World's Largest Christmas Store", is located in Frankenmuth. The city's name is a combination of two words. "Franken" represents the Province of Franconia in the Kingdom of Bavaria, home of the Franks, wh...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Thailand - Nonthaburi

Theme Week Thailand - Nonthaburi

[caption id="attachment_204578" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Wat Chotikaram © Archy36/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Nonthaburi is the principal city of the district and province of the same name in Thailand. It has city municipality (thesaban nakhon) status and covers five subdistricts (tambon) of Mueang Nonthaburi District: Suan Yai, Talat Khwan, Bang Khen, Bang Kraso and Tha Sai. As of January 2012, it has a registered population of 259,000, making it the most populous city municipality in Thailand (excluding Ban...

[ read more ]

Portrait: John Maynard Keynes, English economist

Portrait: John Maynard Keynes, English economist

[caption id="attachment_228597" align="aligncenter" width="468"] Assistant Secretary, U.S. Treasury, Harry Dexter White (left) and John Maynard Keynes © International Monetary Fund[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]John Maynard Keynes, 1st Baron Keynes, CB, FBA, was an English economist whose ideas fundamentally changed the theory and practice of macroeconomics and the economic policies of governments. Originally trained in mathematics, he built on and greatly refined earlier work on the causes of business cycles. One of the most influ...

[ read more ]

InterContinental New York Barclay Hotel in Midtown Manhattan

InterContinental New York Barclay Hotel in Midtown Manhattan

[caption id="attachment_203336" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Onyo at wts wikivoyage/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]InterContinental New York Barclay Hotel is a historic luxury hotel in Midtown Manhattan in New York City. Caswell-Massey had its flagship store in InterContinental New York Barclay for over 80 years. Caswell-Massey, the oldest chemist and perfumer in America, was the first and oldest tenant of the Barclay. Bette Davis, Gloria Swanson, Mary Pickford, Marlon Brando, Jimmy Durante, Debbie Reynolds, Ernes...

[ read more ]

English Market in Cork

English Market in Cork

[caption id="attachment_216181" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Christmas 2017 © Dan Curran/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The English Market (Irish: An Margadh Sasanach) is a municipal food market in the center of Cork City, Ireland. It stretches from Princes Street to the Grand Parade, and combines Princes Street Market and Grand Parade Market. The market is regarded for both its mid-19th century architecture and locally produced artisan food. The market has become a tourist attraction, has developed an international...

[ read more ]

The Rock-Hewn Churches of Lalibela

The Rock-Hewn Churches of Lalibela

[caption id="attachment_223523" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Bete Giyorgis © Bernard Gagnon/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Rock-hewn Churches of Lalibela are monolithic churches located in the Western Ethiopian Highlands near the town of Lalibela, named after the late-12th and early-13th century King Gebre Mesqel Lalibela of the Zagwe Dynasty, who commissioned the massive building project of 11 rock-hewn churches to recreate the holy city of Jerusalem in his own kingdom. The site remains in use by the Ethiopian ...

[ read more ]

Grand Prismatic Spring in Yellowstone National Park

Grand Prismatic Spring in Yellowstone National Park

[caption id="attachment_206321" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Brocken Inaglory/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Grand Prismatic Spring in Yellowstone National Park is the largest hot spring in the United States, and the third largest in the world, after Frying Pan Lake in New Zealand and Boiling Lake in Dominica. It is located in the Midway Geyser Basin. Grand Prismatic Spring was noted by geologists working in the Hayden Geological Survey of 1871, and named by them for its striking coloration. Its colors...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Sardinia - Alghero

Theme Week Sardinia - Alghero

[caption id="attachment_151116" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Alghero from the Lido's beach © flickr.com - jimmyroq/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Alghero is a town of about 44,000 inhabitants. It lies in the province of Sassari in northwestern Sardinia, next to the Mediterranean Sea. The Catalan language is co-official in the city, unique in Italy. The area of today's Alghero has been settled since pre-historic times. The so-called Ozieri culture was present here in the 4th millennium BC; while the Nuraghe civilizat...

[ read more ]

San Francisco Cable Cars

San Francisco Cable Cars

[caption id="attachment_201110" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Runner1928/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The San Francisco cable car system is the world's last manually operated cable car system. An icon of San Francisco, the cable car system forms part of the intermodal urban transport network operated by the San Francisco Municipal Railway. Of the 23 lines established between 1873 and 1890, only three remain (one of which combines parts of two earlier lines): two routes from downtown near Union Square to Fisherman...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
© siestakeychamber.com
Siesta Key on the Gulf of Mexico

Siesta Key is a barrier island off the southwestern coast of Florida. It is situated between Roberts Bay and the...

© flickr.com - Adam Fagen/cc-by-sa-2.0
Theme Week Los Angeles – Dolby Theatre

The Dolby Theatre (formerly known as the Kodak Theatre) is a live-performance auditorium in the Hollywood and Highland Center shopping...

New Hampshire - Berlin © Americanadian 8
Theme Week New England – New Hampshire and Maine

N E W    H A M P S H I R E New Hampshire is a state in the New England...

Close