Bergen auf Rügen

Thursday, 24 November 2022 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
Reading Time:  5 minutes

© THFR/cc-by-sa-3.0

© THFR/cc-by-sa-3.0

Bergen auf Rügen is the capital of the former district of Rügen in the middle of the island of Rügen in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Germany. Since 1 January 2005, Bergen has moreover been the administrative seat of the Amt of Bergen auf Rügen, which with a population of over 23,000 is Mecklenburg-Vorpommern’s most populous Amt.

Bergen is in the middle of Germany’s biggest island, Rügen, on the Baltic Sea coast. The town lies in a hilly area, with the Rugard woods on the town’s northeast outskirts reaching a height of 91 m above sea level. The area around Bergen is predominantly agricultural. The town itself is built on a glacial moraine deposited when the ice sheets retreated during the last ice age. Not far from central Bergen, to the northeast, is the Kleiner Jasmunder Bodden, a shallow bay, and to the southeast lies another bay, the Greifswalder Bodden, and with the town of Putbus. South of the town is the Kiebitzmoor (“Peewit Moor”) and to the northwest is the lake of Nonnensee which was reactivated a few years ago.

Market Square © flickr.com - Gerhard Giebener/cc-by-2.0 Market Square © J.-H. Janßen/cc-by-sa-4.0 St Mary's Church © Kay Röllig/cc-by-3.0 © THFR/cc-by-sa-3.0 © Wolfgang Pehlemann/cc-by-sa-3.0 Bergen Abbey © flickr.com - Gerhard Giebener/cc-by-2.0 Market Square © flickr.com - Gerhard Giebener/cc-by-2.0
<
>
Market Square © flickr.com - Gerhard Giebener/cc-by-2.0
Four days before the end of the Second World War, undefended Bergen was occupied by the Red Army on 4 May 1945. After the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) was founded, the new government pressed ahead with further industrialization. In 1952, construction began on the industrial area on the town’s western outskirts. From 1953 to 1958, the dairy was established, which furnished 300 tonnes of milk daily. In 1955–1956 came the establishment of the VEB Brot- und Backwaren (Bread and Baked Goods). In 1957–1958, the slaughterhouse and meat plant went into production. An efficient food industry was set up in Bergen, supplied from the island and parts of the mainland. Since Reunification and East Germany’s accession into the Federal Republic, the town has undergone a number of marked changes. The population dwindled from its former level of almost 20,000 to 16,500. Many prefabricated concrete structures, common in the former Warsaw Pact countries, were modernized and adapted to new demands. In addition, a few schools were closed and new hotels built. Historical downtown was completely renovated and decorated, giving it a new appeal.

Bergen has essentially good transport connections. This refers to travel on the island of Rügen and the national rail system. The road connection with the mainland, on the other hand, used to be very choked. In summer, the Rügen Causeway – the bridge that joins Rügen to the mainland at Stralsund often became a bottleneck. This has recently been alleviated by the new Strelasund Crossing – a second crossing over the Strelasund with an expressway feeder. Individually, the road network serving Bergen is as follows. The B 96 reaches Bergen from Stralsund, where it connects with the B 105 which leads to Rostock. Bergen is also accessible by car by taking the ferry from Glewitz. In Bergen, the road further branches into the B 196, affording access to the island’s eastern area, where there are bathing beaches. The B 96 itself leads further on to Sassnitz. Those who would rather forgo the car may also reach Bergen by train. Already by the time the first stretches of railway were built on Rügen in 1883, trains were reaching the island from afar. The island’s capital, Bergen, has always profited from this, as it lies right on the main transport arteries to the bathing resorts and the harbour at Mukran (Sassnitz). All parts of the island of Rügen can also be reached from Bergen by the many buslines there. Until the 1960s, Bergen was also served by a local narrow gauge railway, the Rügen Light Railway, popularly known as Rasender Roland (“Racing Roland”), but the Deutsche Reichsbahn, which owned it at the time, shut all the lines in the central and northern parts of Rügen down at that time. Part of the system still runs, however.

Read more on Bergen auf Rügen, Wikivoyage Bergen auf Rügen and Wikipedia Bergen auf Rügen (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Theme Week Istanbul - Hagia Sophia

Theme Week Istanbul - Hagia Sophia

[caption id="attachment_27005" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Dennis Jarvis/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Hagia Sophia ("Holy Wisdom") is a former Greek Orthodox patriarchal basilica (church), later an imperial mosque, and now a museum (Ayasofya Müzesi) in Istanbul. From the date of its construction in 537 until 1453, it served as an Eastern Orthodox cathedral and seat of the Patriarchate of Constantinople, except between 1204 and 1261, when it was converted to a Roman Catholic cathedral under the Latin Empire. Th...

[ read more ]

Saint Petersburg in the Tampa Bay

Saint Petersburg in the Tampa Bay

[caption id="attachment_168632" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Downtown Saint Petersburg © John O'Neill/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]St. Petersburg is a city in Pinellas County in Florida. The population is at 261,000, making it the fifth-most populous city in Florida and the largest in the state that is not a county seat (the city of Clearwater is the seat of Pinellas County). St. Petersburg is the second-largest city in the Tampa Bay Area, after Tampa. Together with Clearwater, these cities comprise the Tampa–St...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Basilicata

Theme Week Basilicata

[caption id="attachment_238812" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Sassi di Matera © Superchilum/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Basilicata, also known by its ancient name Lucania, is an administrative region in Southern Italy, bordering on Campania to the west, Apulia to the north and east, and Calabria to the south. It has two coastlines: a 30-km stretch on the Tyrrhenian Sea between Campania and Calabria, and a longer coastline along the Gulf of Taranto between Calabria and Apulia. The region can be thought of as the "i...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Bhutan - Trongsa

Theme Week Bhutan - Trongsa

[caption id="attachment_221403" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Trongsa © flickr.com - Thomas Wanhoff/cc-by-sa-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Trongsa, previously Tongsa, is a Thromde or town, and the capital of Trongsa District in central Bhutan. The name means "new village" in Dzongkha. The first temple was built in 1543 by the Drukpa lama Ngagi Wangchuck, who was the great-grandfather of Ngawang Namgyal, Zhabdrung Rinpoche, the unifier of Bhutan. Chökhor Raptentse Dzong (Trongsa Dzong) which was built in 1644, used t...

[ read more ]

Syntagma Square in Athens

Syntagma Square in Athens

[caption id="attachment_239558" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Syntagma Square as seen from atop Pallis Mansion © C messier/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Syntagma Square ("Constitution Square") is the central square of Athens, Greece. The square is named after the Constitution that Otto, the first King of Greece, was obliged to grant after a popular and military uprising on 3 September 1843. It is located in front of the 19th-century Old Royal Palace, housing the Greek Parliament since 1934. Syntagma Square is the mo...

[ read more ]

The Bronx in New York City

The Bronx in New York City

[caption id="attachment_236811" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Park Plaza Apartments © Jim.henderson[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Bronx is a borough of New York City, coextensive with Bronx County, in the U.S. state of New York. It is south of Westchester County; north and east of the New York City borough of Manhattan, across the Harlem River; and north of the New York City borough of Queens, across the East River. The Bronx has a land area of 42 square miles (109 km²) and a population of 1,472,654 in the 2020 census. If e...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Colombia

Theme Week Colombia

[caption id="attachment_235314" align="aligncenter" width="590"] The Axis of Peace and Memory, a memorial to the victims of the Colomibian conflict in Bogotá © Felipe Restrepo Acosta/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a country mostly in South America with insular regions in North America. The Colombian mainland is bordered by the Caribbean Sea to the north, Venezuela to the east and northeast, Brazil to the southeast, Ecuador and Peru to the south and southwest, the Pacifi...

[ read more ]

The seaside town of Deal in South England

The seaside town of Deal in South England

[caption id="attachment_151970" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Seafront © Shantavira[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Deal is a town in Kent, England. It lies on the English Channel eight miles north-east of Dover and eight miles south of Ramsgate. It is a former fishing, mining and garrison town. Closely associated with Deal are the villages of Kingsdown, Sholden and Walmer, the latter being where Julius Caesar first arrived in Britain. Deal was named as a 'limb port' of the Cinque Ports in 1278. Due to its position on the ...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Venice - Bridge of Sighs

Theme Week Venice - Bridge of Sighs

[caption id="attachment_206303" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Didier Descouens/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Bridge of Sighs is a bridge in Venice, Italy. The enclosed bridge is made of white limestone, has windows with stone bars, passes over the Rio di Palazzo, and connects the New Prison (Prigioni Nuove) to the interrogation rooms in the Doge's Palace. It was designed by Antonio Contino, whose uncle Antonio da Ponte designed the Rialto Bridge, and it was built in 1600. The view from the Bridge of Si...

[ read more ]

The Camden Market in London

The Camden Market in London

[caption id="attachment_23555" align="alignleft" width="590"] Camden Lock Market © flickr.com - Duncan Harris/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Camden markets are a number of adjoining large retail markets in Camden Town near the Hampstead Road Lock of the Regent's Canal (popularly referred to as Camden Lock), often collectively named "Camden Market" or "Camden Lock". Among products sold on the stalls are crafts, clothing, bric-a-brac, and fast food. It is the fourth-most popular visitor attraction in London, attracting a...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
© Iñaki LL
Theme Week Navarre – Tafalla

Tafalla is a town and municipality located in the province and autonomous community of Navarre, northern Spain. Tafalla is an...

Josephus - Fictional portrait in William Whinston's English translation of 'Antiquitates'
Portrait: Josephus

Titus Flavius Josephus was a first-century Romano-Jewish historian and military leader, best known for The Jewish War, who was born...

Church of Nuestra Señora del Rosario © Zarateman/cc-by-sa-3.0
Theme Week Navarre – Villava-Atarrabia

Villava (Basque: Atarrabia) is a town and municipality located in the province and autonomous community of Navarre, northern Spain. The...

Close