Belfast in Northern Ireland

Thursday, 30 June 2011 - 03:45 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
Reading Time:  4 minutes

City Hall and the Belfast Wheel © Thardas

City Hall and the Belfast Wheel © Thardas

Belfast (from Irish: Béal Feirste, meaning “mouth of the sandbars”) is the capital of and largest city in Northern Ireland, as well as the second largest city on the island of Ireland. It is the seat of devolved government and legislative Northern Ireland Assembly. The city forms part of the largest urban area in Northern Ireland, and the main settlement in the province of Ulster. The city of Belfast has a population of 268,000 and lies at the heart of the Belfast urban area, which has a population of 483,000. The Larger Urban Zone, as defined by the European Union, has a total population 642,000. Belfast was granted city status in 1888.

Historically, Belfast has been a centre for the Irish linen industry (earning the nickname “Linenopolis”), tobacco production, rope-making and shipbuilding: the city’s main shipbuilders, Harland and Wolff, which built the ill-fated RMS Titanic, propelled Belfast on to the global stage in the early 20th century as the largest and most productive shipyard in the world. Belfast played a key role in the Industrial Revolution, establishing its place as a global industrial centre until the latter half of the 20th century.

Industrialisation and the inward migration it brought made Belfast, if briefly, the largest city in Ireland at the turn of the 20th century and the city’s industrial and economic success was cited by Ulster unionist opponents of Home Rule as a reason why Ireland should shun devolution and later why Ulster in particular would fight to resist it.

Stormont Parliament Building Dom0803 Belfast Castle © Stubacca Waterfront Hall Belfast, concert, exhibition and conference venue © donnamarijne - Donna Titanic Memorial © Lyn Gateley Queen's University © Wknight94 Queen's University © Fasach Nua Palm House at Botanic Gardens © Robert Young Grafiti © Andreas Haupt Crown Liquor Saloon © Watakushiwa City Hall © Macnolete City Hall © Andreas Haupt Cavehill overlooking Belfast © Tsumo9 Belfast Skyline © Emcmanus123 Belfast Collage © Conor2k10 City Hall and the Belfast Wheel © Thardas
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Waterfront Hall Belfast, concert, exhibition and conference venue © donnamarijne - Donna
Today, Belfast remains a centre for industry, as well as the arts, higher education and business, a legal centre, and is the economic engine of Northern Ireland. The city suffered greatly during the period of disruption, conflict, and destruction called the Troubles, but latterly has undergone a sustained period of calm, free from the intense political violence of former years, and substantial economic and commercial growth. Belfast city centre has undergone considerable expansion and regeneration in recent years, notably around Victoria Square.

Belfast is served by two airports: George Best Belfast City Airport in the city, and Belfast International Airport 15 miles (24 km) west of the city. Belfast is also a major seaport, with commercial and industrial docks dominating the Belfast Lough shoreline, including the famous Harland and Wolff shipyard. Belfast is a constituent city of the Dublin-Belfast corridor, which has a population of three million, or half the total population of the island of Ireland.

Read more on City of Belfast, Belfast Tourism, Belfast Castle, Crown Liquor Saloon, Wikitravel Belfast, Wikivoyage Belfast and Wikipedia Belfast. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organisations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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