Bayamo on Cuba

Friday, 1 March 2024 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General
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© Hyppolyte de Saint-Rambert/cc-by-sa-4.0

© Hyppolyte de Saint-Rambert/cc-by-sa-4.0

Bayamo is the capital city of the Granma Province of Cuba and one of the largest cities in the Oriente region. The community of Bayamo lies on a plain by the Bayamo River. It is affected by the violent Bayamo wind. One of the most important education institutions in the province is the University of Granma.

Established in 1513, Bayamo was the second of seven cities founded by Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar. Francisco Iznaga, a Basque landowner in the western portion of Cuba during the first 30 years of the colonization of Cuba, was elected mayor in 1540. Iznaga was the originator of a powerful lineage that finally settled in Trinidad, where the Torre Iznaga (Iznaga Tower) is. His descendants fought for the independence of Cuba and for annexation to the U.S., from 1820 to 1900.

During much of the 16th century it was one of the most important agricultural and commercial settlements of the island. Its inland situation gave it relative security against the pirates who infested West Indian seas, and the misfortunes of Santiago were the fortunes of Bayamo. Down the Cauto River, then open to the sea for vessels of 200 tons, and through Manzanillo, Bayamo drove a thriving contraband trade that made it the leading town of Cuba at the opening of the 17th century.

Calle General Garcia © panoramio.com - nurzumspass/cc-by-sa-3.0 Catedral del Santisimo Salvador de Bayamo © panoramio.com - nurzumspass/cc-by-sa-3.0 © Hyppolyte de Saint-Rambert/cc-by-sa-4.0 © panoramio.com - R01k/cc-by-3.0 The 'Boulevard' © panoramio.com - R01k/cc-by-3.0 The 'Boulevard' © panoramio.com - R01k/cc-by-3.0 The 'Boulevard' © Marcel601/cc-by-sa-3.0
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Catedral del Santisimo Salvador de Bayamo © panoramio.com - nurzumspass/cc-by-sa-3.0
A tremendous flood, in 1616, choked the Cauto with trees and wrecked vessels, cutting it off from direct access to the sea; but through Manzanillo it continued a great clandestine traffic with Curaçao, Jamaica, and other foreign islands throughout the 17th and 18th centuries. Bayamo was then surrounded by fine plantations.

In 1827 it acquired the status of city. In the war of 1868-1878 it was an insurgent stronghold. One of the most desperate conflicts of the war was fought nearby, and it was nearly destroyed by the opposing parties.

Read more on Wikipedia Bayamo (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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