Ankara, the beginning of modern Turkey

Saturday, 19 April 2014 - 01:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Union for the Mediterranean
Reading Time:  3 minutes

Turkish Parliament Building © T.C. Büyük Millet Meclisi

Turkish Parliament Building © T.C. Büyük Millet Meclisi

Ankara (historically known with the names Ancyra and Angora) is the capital of Turkey since the Ottoman Empire‘s fall in 1923 and the country’s second largest city, Istanbul being the largest. The city of Ankara has a population of 4,340,000 and its metropolitan municipality 4,960,000.

Centrally located in Anatolia, Ankara is an important commercial and industrial city. It is the center of the Turkish Government, and houses all foreign embassies. It is an important crossroads of trade, strategically located at the centre of Turkey’s highway and railway networks, and serves as the marketing centre for the surrounding agricultural area. The city was famous for its long-haired Angora goat and its prized wool (mohair), a unique breed of cat (Angora cat), Angora rabbits and their prized wool (Angora wool), pears, honey, and the region’s muscat grapes.

© Winstonza/cc-by-sa-3.0 Ankara panorama at night © LoudHmen/cc-by-sa-3.0 Armada Mall Ankara © Ankaralı Turgut Anıtkabir, Kemal Atatürks Mausoleum © Bjørn Christian Tørrissen/cc-by-sa-3.0 State Art and Sculpture Museum © Cetorhinus/cc-by-sa-3.0 Turkish Parliament © T.C. Büyük Millet Meclisi
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Anıtkabir, Kemal Atatürks Mausoleum © Bjørn Christian Tørrissen/cc-by-sa-3.0
The historical center of Ankara is situated upon a rocky hill, which rises 150 m (492 ft) above the plain on the left bank of the Ankara Çayı, a tributary of the Sakarya (Sangarius) river. The city is located about 450 km (280 mi) to the southeast of Istanbul. Although situated in one of the driest places of Turkey and surrounded mostly by steppe vegetation except for the forested areas on the southern periphery, Ankara can be considered a green city in terms of green areas per inhabitant, which is 72 m2 per head.

Ankara is a very old city with various Hittite, Phrygian, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman archaeological sites. The hill which overlooks the city is crowned by the ruins of the old castle, which adds to the picturesqueness of the view, but only a few historic structures surrounding the old citadel have survived to the present day. There are, however, many well-preserved remains of Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine architecture, the most remarkable being the Temple of Augustus and Rome (20 BC) which is also known as the Monumentum Ancyranum.

Read more on City of Ankara, Ankara Esenboğa International Airport, Wikivoyage Ankara and Wikipedia Ankara (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




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