Alexander Garden in Moscow

Friday, 13 September 2019 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General, Living, Working, Building
Reading Time:  4 minutes

Fountain 'Four Seasons of the Year' © SiefkinDR/cc-by-sa-3.0

Fountain ‘Four Seasons of the Year’ © SiefkinDR/cc-by-sa-3.0

Alexander Gardens was one of the first urban public parks in Moscow, Russia. The park comprises three separate gardens, which stretch along all the length of the western Kremlin wall for 865 metres (2,838 ft) between the building of the Moscow Manege and the Kremlin.

After the Napoleonic Wars, Tsar Alexander I ordered architect Joseph Bové to reconstruct parts of the city which had been destroyed by French troops. Bove laid out a new garden from 1819-1823, on the site of the riverbed of the Neglinnaya River, which was channeled underground.

Towards the main entrance to the park is the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier with an eternal flame brought from the Field of Mars in Leningrad. Created in 1967, it contains the body of a soldier who fell during the Great Patriotic War at the kilometer 41 marker of Leningradskoe Shosse, the nearest point the forces of Nazi Germany penetrated towards Moscow. Post Number One, where the honor sentinels stand on guard, used to be located in front of Lenin’s Mausoleum, but was moved to the Tomb of The Unknown Soldier in the 1990s. The middle section of the upper garden contains a faux ruined grotto built underneath the Middle Arsenal Tower. Although not constructed until 1841, this was part of Bove’s original design. The garden’s cast iron gate and grille were designed to commemorate the Russian victories over Napoleon, and its rocks are rubble from buildings destroyed during the French occupation of Moscow.

Gates © Минеева Ю./cc-by-sa-1.0 seen from Troitsky Bridge © Shakko/cc-by-sa-4.0 Eternal Flame and Tomb of the Unknown Soldier © Bjørn Christian Tørrissen/cc-by-sa-3.0 Fountain 'Four Seasons of the Year' © SiefkinDR/cc-by-sa-3.0 Grotto © Jes Tya/cc-by-sa-4.0 © Leonid Dzhepko/cc-by-sa-3.0 © Ludvig14/cc-by-sa-4.0 © Maria Carmen/cc-by-sa-3.0 © Mitrius
<
>
Eternal Flame and Tomb of the Unknown Soldier © Bjørn Christian Tørrissen/cc-by-sa-3.0
In front of the grotto is an obelisk erected on July 10 1914, a year after the tercentenary of the Romanov dynasty was celebrated. The monument made of granite from Finland listed all of the Romanov Tsars and had the coats of arms of the (Russian) provinces. Four years later, the dynasty was gone, and the Bolsheviks (per Lenin’s directive on Monumental propaganda) removed the imperial eagle, and re-carved the monument with a list of 19 socialist and communist philosophers and political leaders, personally approved by Lenin. Originally in the Lower Garden, it was relocated to its present location in 1966. There is discussion to remove Lenin’s and reinstall an obelisk duplicating the original. The wrought iron grille, enclosing this part of the garden, has a design of fasces, which are intended to commemorate the military victory over Napoleon. The northern part of the garden is adjacent to the large underground shopping complex at Manege Square.

The most prominent feature of the Middle Garden is the outlying Kutafya Tower of the Moscow Kremlin. There is an entrance to the park opposite the tower directly to the Moscow Metro system.

Laid out in 1823, the Lower Garden stretches to the road leading to the Borovitskaya Tower, one of two vehicular and pedestrian entrances to the Kremlin.

Read more on LonelyPlanet.com – Alexander Garden, MyGuideMoscow.com – Alexander Garden and Wikipedia Alexander Garden (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State - Weather report by weather.com - Global Passport Power Rank - Travel Risk Map - Democracy Index - GDP according to IMF, UN, and World Bank - Global Competitiveness Report - Corruption Perceptions Index - Press Freedom Index - World Justice Project - Rule of Law Index - UN Human Development Index - Global Peace Index - Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Kyoto in Japan

Kyoto in Japan

[caption id="attachment_168567" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Kyoto City Hall © Tomomarusan/cc-by-2.5[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Kyoto is a city located in the central part of the island of Honshu in Japan. It has a population close to 1.5 million. Formerly the Imperial capital of Japan for more than one thousand years, it is now the capital city of Kyoto Prefecture located in the Kansai region, as well as a major part of the Kyoto-Osaka-Kobe metropolitan area. Kyoto is also known as the thousand-year capital. In 1997, Kyoto ...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Potsdam - The Einstein Tower

Theme Week Potsdam - The Einstein Tower

[caption id="attachment_25274" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Einstein Tower is an astrophysical observatory in the Albert Einstein Science Park in Potsdam, Germany built by Erich Mendelsohn. It was built on the summit of the Potsdam Telegraphenberg to house a solar telescope designed by the astronomer Erwin Finlay-Freundlich. The telescope supports experiments and observations to validate (or disprove) Albert Einstein's relativity theory. The building was f...

[ read more ]

Rochefort on the Atlantic coast

Rochefort on the Atlantic coast

[caption id="attachment_153073" align="aligncenter" width="590"] The L'Hermione © Dimimis/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Rochefort is a commune in southwestern France, a port on the Charente estuary. It is a sub-prefecture of the Charente-Maritime department. Rochefort is a notable example of 17th-century "ville nouvelle" or new town, which means its design and building resulted from a political decree. The reason for building Rochefort was to a large extent that royal power could hardly depend on rebellious Pro...

[ read more ]

Ordensburg Vogelsang in the Eifel National Park

Ordensburg Vogelsang in the Eifel National Park

[caption id="attachment_223438" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Guido Radig/cc-by-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Ordensburg Vogelsang is a former Nazi estate placed at the former military training area in Eifel National Park in North Rhine-Westphalia. The landmarked and completely preserved estate was used by the National Socialists between 1936 and 1939 as an educational centre for future leaders. Since 1 January 2006 the area has been open to visitors. It is one of the largest architectural relics of National Socialism. The...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Algeria - Ghardaïa

Theme Week Algeria - Ghardaïa

[caption id="attachment_168326" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Taguelmoust/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Ghardaïa is the capital city of Ghardaïa Province. The commune of Ghardaïa has a population of 93,000, with an annual growth rate of 0.7%. It is located in northern-central Algeria in the Sahara Desert and lies along the left bank of the Wadi Mzab. The M'zab valley in the Ghardaïa Province (Wilaya) was inscribed under the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1982. The unique layout of the Ghardaïa village is dicta...

[ read more ]

Portrait: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, a British writer and physician

Portrait: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, a British writer and physician

[caption id="attachment_237092" align="aligncenter" width="447"] Arthur Conan Doyle by Walter Benington, 1914 © RR Auction[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle KStJ, DL was a British writer and physician. He created the character Sherlock Holmes in 1887 for A Study in Scarlet, the first of four novels and fifty-six short stories about Holmes and Dr. Watson. The Sherlock Holmes stories are milestones in the field of crime fiction. Doyle was a prolific writer; other than Holmes stories, his works incl...

[ read more ]

Esbjerg, the fifth largest city in Denmark

Esbjerg, the fifth largest city in Denmark

[caption id="attachment_152857" align="aligncenter" width="531"] Central Square with old Town Hall and city founder King Christian IX statue © Cynborg[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Esbjerg is a seaport on the west coast of the Jutland peninsula in southwest Denmark, the main town of Esbjerg Municipality, the site of its municipal council and with a population of 72,000 the fifth largest city in Denmark, and the largest in west Jutland. Its municipality has a population of 115,184. The city is situated on the southwestern coast of D...

[ read more ]

The Albanian Riviera

The Albanian Riviera

[caption id="attachment_160969" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Beach at the village of Dhërmi © Dori/cc-by-2.5[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Albanian Riviera is a coastal area in the County of Vlorë running along the Ionian Sea under the Ceraunian Mountains in Southern Albania. It should not be confused with the Albanian coastline as a whole which includes both the Riviera and the mostly flat coastline of central and north Albania. Traditionally, the region begins south of Llogara National Park, continues down along the coast t...

[ read more ]

The trimaran Brigitte Bardot

The trimaran Brigitte Bardot

[caption id="attachment_153600" align="aligncenter" width="442"] MV Brigitte Bardot © AussieLegend[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]MV Brigitte Bardot (formerly Gojira and Ocean 7 Adventurer) is a unique high-tech 35 m (115 ft) stabilized monohull twin diesel engine powered vessel designed by Nigel Irens. Construction of Ocean 7 Adventurer began in June 1997 and she was launched on 16 March 1998. The official naming ceremony took place on 3 April 1998 in London's West India Dock. Originally named Cable and Wireless Adventurer ...

[ read more ]

Macao, Las Vegas of the East

Macao, Las Vegas of the East

[caption id="attachment_216280" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Marina at Macau Fisherman's Wharf © Mfwmarketing/cc-by-sa-4.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Macau, also spelled Macao and officially the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is a city and special administrative region of the People's Republic of China in the western Pearl River Delta by the South China Sea. With a population of about 650,000 and an area of 32.9 km² (12.7 sq mi), it is the most densely populated region in the world. M...

[ read more ]

Return to TopReturn to Top
Central Business District © 郭友柏/cc-by-sa-4.0
Beijing in China

Beijing ("Northern Capital") is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's third most populous city proper, and...

© Kirua
Viñales Valley in Cuba

Viñales Valley (Valle de Viñales) is a karstic depression in Cuba. The valley has an area of 132 km² (51...

© Mytwocents/cc-by-sa-3.0
Mariners’ Museum and Park in Newport News

The Mariners' Museum and Park is located in Newport News, Virginia, United States. Designated as America’s National Maritime Museum by...

Close