The Białowieża National Park

Wednesday, 4 April 2018 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: Environment, Palaces, Castles, Manors, Parks, UNESCO World Heritage

Swamped forest © Lilly M/cc-by-sa-3.0

Swamped forest © Lilly M/cc-by-sa-3.0

Białowieża National Park is a National Park in Podlaskie Voivodeship, in Eastern Poland adjacent with the border with Belarus. The total area of the park is 152.2 square kilometres (58.8 sq mi). It is located 62 km (39 mi) southeast of Białystok (Poland). It is known for the protection of the best preserved part of the Białowieża Forest, Europe’s last temperate primaeval forest fragment that once stretched across the European Plain. It is home to the world’s largest population of European bison, the continent’s heaviest land animals. The border between the two countries runs through the forest, the Belovezhskaya Pushcha National Park is adjacent on the Belarus side of the border. There is a border crossing for hikers and cyclists within the forest. According to one study, the park brings in tourist revenues of about 72 million zlotys per year.

The park’s formal beginning was the Forest Reserve inspectorate established in 1921. The inspectorate was transformed into the National Park in Białowieża on 11 August 1932 by the Second Polish Republic. After World War II, the forest was divided between the People’s Republic of Poland and the Belarusian SSR of the Soviet Union. The People’s Republic of Poland reopened the Białowieża National Park in 1947. The park headquarters is in Białowieża. Currently, the park consists of three administrative units: The Protective Orłówka Precinct, the Conservation District Hwoźna and the Bison Breeding Centre (with three reserves, breeding and demonstration Bison Reserve).

Center for Nature Education © Wojsyl/cc-by-sa-3.0 Museum of Nature and Forest © Jurij/cc-by-sa-2.5 © Jacek Karczmarz/cc-by-sa-3.0 European Bison © Henryk Kotowski/cc-by-sa-3.0 Swamped forest © Lilly M/cc-by-sa-3.0
<
>
Center for Nature Education © Wojsyl/cc-by-sa-3.0
The European bison Breeding Centre has an area of 274.56 ha which is under the landscape protection. The area comprises three breeding reserves, and the European bison Public Access Reserve. The responsibilities of the personnel of European bison Breeding Centre cover the bison’s habitat in all of the Polish part of the Białowieża Forest. The idea of creating a national park locally is about 200 years old. However, the genuine protection efforts which are being continued today are centuries older. Often called the “last untouched wilderness of Europe”, the Białowieża National Park is the only one of its kind among the 23 national parks of Poland. Its inner zone belongs to the realm of old-growth forest which has been living without much human intervention for almost 800 years. Only scientists can navigate the strictly protected area freely. Each group of tourists is limited to no more than 20 people, and the presence of an official guide is mandatory. Classic road tour leads through the southern part of the reserve area, totalling 4,747 hectares.

The headquarters are located at the Białowieża village in the Museum of Nature and Forest of the Białowieża National Park. The museum complex, built in the 1960s, occupies the place of the former palace of Polish King Augustus III, which was destroyed by the Soviet Army in July 1944. Above the roof of the museum, there is an observation tower available for tourists during the opening hours. The exhibition presents the local species of plants and animals shown through displays, but also through multimedia exhibits with the use of lighting and sound. Particularly commendable is the exhibit devoted to birds. Almost all living species in the region can be heard in audio recordings. Guides in foreign languages are available with additional fee. The waiting time for a group tour is no longer than 15 minutes. In almost every room of the museum there are computers with information on the subject in different languages. However, the tour-guides are also likely to repeat the same information for their listeners. All exhibits in the museum have been prepared professionally by scientists, with general public in mind, and therefore are recommended for visitors of all ages. At the turn of the 20th century during the Russian Partition of Poland a Palace Park was founded around the so-called Tsar‘s Palace in Białowieża. At the park, is a historic manor house from 1845 that has been refurbished. At present, it serves as the Centre for Nature Education.

Read more on Wikipedia Białowieża National Park (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Edinburgh - Books, beer and cookies

Edinburgh - Books, beer and cookies

[caption id="attachment_152534" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Hopetoun House © George Gastin[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland, the second largest city in Scotland and the seventh-most populous in the United Kingdom. Located in the south-east of Scotland, Edinburgh lies on the east coast of the Central Belt, along the Firth of Forth, near the North Sea. Edinburgh is the seat of the Scottish Parliament. The city was one of the major centres of the Enlightenment, led by the University ...

[ read more ]

NASA and ESA

NASA and ESA

NASA [caption id="attachment_27297" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © nasa.gov[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is the United States government agency responsible for the civilian space program as well as aeronautics and aerospace research. President Dwight D. Eisenhower established the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in 1958 with a distinctly civilian (rather than military) orientation encouraging peaceful applications in space science. The National Aeron...

[ read more ]

Erfurt, Thuringia's capital

Erfurt, Thuringia's capital

[caption id="attachment_160561" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Haus 'Zum breiten Herd' and Guild Hall on Fish Market © TomKidd[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Erfurt is the capital city of Thuringia and the main city nearest to the geographical centre of Germany, located 100 km SW of Leipzig, 150 km N of Nuremberg and 180 km SE of Hannover. Erfurt Airport can be reached by plane via Munich. It lies in the southern part of the Thuringian Basin within the wide valley of Gera River, a tributary of the Unstrut. To the south, the city i...

[ read more ]

Portrait: Jean-Baptiste Colbert, founder of mercantilism

Portrait: Jean-Baptiste Colbert, founder of mercantilism

[caption id="attachment_25484" align="aligncenter" width="500"] Jean-Baptiste Colbert by Robert Nateuil[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Jean-Baptiste Colbert was a French politician who served as the Minister of Finances of France from 1665 to 1683 under the rule of King Louis XIV. His relentless hard work and thrift made him an esteemed minister. He achieved a reputation for his work of improving the state of French manufacturing and bringing the economy back from the brink of bankruptcy. Historians note that, despite Colbert's effor...

[ read more ]

Chelsea in London

Chelsea in London

[caption id="attachment_171541" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Clabon Mews © flickr:com - Cristian Bortes/cc-by-2.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Chelsea is an affluent area in West London, bounded to the south by the River Thames. Its frontage runs from Chelsea Bridge along the Chelsea Embankment, Cheyne Walk, Lots Road and Chelsea Harbour. Its eastern boundary was once defined by the River Westbourne, which is now in a pipe above Sloane Square tube station. The modern eastern boundary is Chelsea Bridge Road and the lower half o...

[ read more ]

Al Faisaliyah Center in Saudi Arabia

Al Faisaliyah Center in Saudi Arabia

[caption id="attachment_161895" align="aligncenter" width="590"] King Fahd Road © BroadArrow/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]The Al Faisaliyah Centre is a commercial skyscraper located in the business district of Riyadh. It is the fourth tallest building in Saudi Arabia after the Kingdom Centre, Burj Rafal and Abraj Al Bait. It is also called Star Dome. The construction of Al Faisaliyah Centre was completed on 14 May 2000. It is about 267 meters high and consists of 44 floors.[gallery size="medium" gss="1" ids="1...

[ read more ]

Theme Week Berlin - Sony Center

Theme Week Berlin - Sony Center

[caption id="attachment_146321" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Joaquin Casares[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]At Potsdamer Platz, the originally bustling heart of old Berlin, the Sony Center and the buildings in the surrounding brought the district back to life. Events, concerts, film premieres and lots more are great reasons to revisit and rediscover the Sony Center over and over again. The Sony Center at Potsdamer Platz, home to the corporation’s European headquarters, consists of an ensemble of buildings surrounding...

[ read more ]

First World Hotel & Plaza in the Genting Highlands

First World Hotel & Plaza in the Genting Highlands

[caption id="attachment_183061" align="aligncenter" width="590"] © Shahnoor Habib Munmun/cc-by-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]First World Hotel and Plaza is a three-star hotel in Resorts World Genting, Pahang, Malaysia. Featuring a total of 7,351 rooms, it has set the Guinness World Records for the largest hotel in the world (by number of rooms). In 2006, it featured 6,118 rooms, making it the largest hotel until The Palazzo took the title, an expansion of The Venetian located on Las Vegas Strip which was officially opened on 1 ...

[ read more ]

Return to Top ▲Return to Top ▲
Museum of the Revolution © flickr.com - Paul Mannix/cc-by-sa-2.0
Museum of the Revolution in Havana

The Museum of the Revolution (Spanish: Museo de la Revolución) is a museum located in the Old Havana section of...

Stern © geograph.org.uk - Ian Petticrew/cc-by-sa-2.0
The HMS Trincomalee

HMS Trincomalee is a Royal Navy Leda-class sailing frigate built shortly after the end of the Napoleonic Wars. She is...

© Rastaman3000/cc-by-sa-3.0
The Azrieli Center in Tel Aviv

Azrieli Center is a complex of skyscrapers in Tel Aviv. At the base of the center lies a large shopping...

Schließen