The Dakota in New York

Sunday, 1 July 2018 - 12:00 pm (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: Architecture, General, House of the Month, New York City

© Ingfbruno/cc-by-sa-3.0

© Ingfbruno/cc-by-sa-3.0

The Dakota, also known as Dakota Apartments, is a cooperative apartment building located on the northwest corner of 72nd Street and Central Park West in the Upper West Side of Manhattan in New York City. It was built in 1884 and is considered to be one of Manhattan’s most prestigious and exclusive cooperative residential buildings. The Dakota is famous as the home of former Beatle John Lennon from 1973 to his murder in the archway of the building in 1980. The Dakota was constructed between October 25, 1880, and October 27, 1884. The architectural firm of Henry Janeway Hardenbergh was commissioned to create the design for Edward Clark, head of the Singer Sewing Machine Company. The firm also designed the Plaza Hotel.

The Dakota was purportedly so named because at the time of construction, the area was sparsely inhabited and considered as remote in relation to the inhabited area of Manhattan as the Dakota Territory was. However, the earliest recorded appearance of this account is in a 1933 newspaper interview with the Dakota’s long-time manager, quoted in Christopher Gray’s book New York Streetscapes: “Probably it was called ‘Dakota’ because it was so far west and so far north”. According to Gray, it is more likely that the building was named the Dakota because of Clark’s fondness for the names of the new western states and territories. The Dakota was designated a New York City Landmark in 1969. The building was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1972, and was designated as a National Historic Landmark in 1976. The Dakota’s façade was renovated in 2015. The address of the Dakota is: 1 West 72nd Street. Immediately opposite the main entrance is the subway station 72nd Street. The inside of the building can not be visited and the entrance is constantly guarded.

The building’s high gables and deep roofs with a profusion of dormers, terracotta spandrels and panels, niches, balconies, and balustrades give it a German Renaissance character, an echo of a Hanseatic town hall. Nevertheless, its layout and floor plan betray a strong influence of French architectural trends in housing design that had become known in New York in the 1870s. High above the 72nd Street entrance, the face of a Dakota Indian keeps watch.

© Vidor © Andrevruas/cc-by-sa-3.0 © David Shankbone/cc-by-sa-3.0 © Elisa Rolle/cc-by-sa-3.0 © flickr.com - Half Sigma/cc-by-2.0 © Ingfbruno/cc-by-sa-3.0
<
>
© flickr.com - Half Sigma/cc-by-2.0
The Dakota is square building, built around a central courtyard. The arched main entrance is a porte-cochère large enough for the horse-drawn carriages that once entered and allowed passengers to disembark sheltered from the weather. Many of these carriages were housed in a multi-story stable building built in two sections, 1891–94, at the southwest corner of 77th Street and Amsterdam Avenue, where elevators lifted them to the upper floors. The “Dakota Stables” building was in operation as a garage until February 2007, when it was slated to be transformed by the Related Companies into a condominium residence. Since then, the large condominium building The Harrison occupies its spot.

The general layout of the apartments is in the French style of the period, with all major rooms connected to each other, in enfilade, and also accessible from a hall or corridor. The arrangement allows a natural migration for guests from one room to another, especially on festive occasions, yet gives service staff discreet separate circulation patterns that offer service access to the main rooms. The principal rooms, such as parlors or the master bedroom, face the street, while the dining room, kitchen, and other auxiliary rooms are oriented toward the courtyard. Apartments thus are aired from two sides, which was a relative novelty in Manhattan at the time. Some of the drawing rooms are 49 ft (15 m) long, and many of the ceilings are 14 ft (4.3 m) high; the floors are inlaid with mahogany, oak, and cherry.

Originally, the Dakota had 65 apartments with 4 to 20 rooms, no two being alike. These apartments are accessed by staircases and elevators placed in the four corners of the courtyard. Separate service stairs and elevators serving the kitchens are located in mid-block. Built to cater to the well-to-do, the Dakota featured many amenities and a modern infrastructure that was exceptional for the time. The building has a large dining hall; meals also could be sent up to the apartments by dumbwaiters. Electricity was generated by an in-house power plant, and the building has central heating. Beside servant quarters, there was a playroom and a gymnasium under the roof. In later years, these spaces on the tenth floor were converted into apartments. The Dakota property also contained a garden, private croquet lawns, and a tennis court behind the building between 72nd and 73rd Streets.

All apartments were let before the building opened, but it was a long-term drain on the fortune of Clark, who died before it was completed, and his heirs. For the high society of Manhattan, it became fashionable to live in the building, or at least to rent an apartment there as a secondary city residence, and the Dakota’s success prompted the construction of many other luxury apartment buildings in Manhattan.

Read more on Wikipedia The Dakota. Learn more about the use of photos. To inform you about latest news most of the city, town or tourism websites offer a newsletter service and/or operate Facebook pages/Twitter accounts. In addition more and more destinations, tourist organizations and cultural institutions offer Apps for your Smart Phone or Tablet, to provide you with a mobile tourist guide (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State). If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.




Recommended posts:

Share this post: (Please note data protection regulations before using buttons)

Exeter in Devon

Exeter in Devon

[caption id="attachment_160706" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Exeter Cathedral © flickr.com - Charles Miller[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Exeter is a historic city in Devon, England. It lies within the ceremonial county of Devon, of which it is the county town as well as the home of Devon County Council. Currently the administrative area has the status of a non-metropolitan district, and is therefore under the administration of the County Council. The city is on the River Exe, about 37 miles (60 km) northeast of Plymouth, and 7...

[ read more/mehr lesen ]

St. Pölten in Lower Austria

St. Pölten in Lower Austria

[caption id="attachment_160589" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Rathausgasse © Alexander Wagner[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Sankt Pölten is the capital city of the State of Lower Austria in northeast Austria. With 51,956 inhabitants, it is Lower Austria's largest city. Sankt Pölten is a city with its own statute (or Statutarstadt) and therefore it is both a municipality and a district in the Mostviertel. The city lies on the Traisen river and is located north of the Alps and south of the Wachau. The oldest part of the ...

[ read more/mehr lesen ]

Le Mans in the Pays de la Loire

Le Mans in the Pays de la Loire

[caption id="attachment_184697" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Palais du Grabatoire © Fafner/cc-by-sa-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Le Mans is a city on the Sarthe River. Traditionally the capital of the province of Maine, it is now the capital of the Sarthe department and the seat of the Roman Catholic diocese of Le Mans. Le Mans is a part of the Pays de la Loire region. Its inhabitants are called Manceaux and Mancelles. First mentioned by Claudius Ptolemy, the Roman city Vindinium was the capital of the Aulerci, a s...

[ read more/mehr lesen ]

The Queen Elizabeth 2

The Queen Elizabeth 2

[caption id="attachment_151244" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Port of Hamburg © Seebeer[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Queen Elizabeth 2, often referred to simply as the QE2, is an ocean liner that was operated by Cunard from 1969 to 2008. Following her retirement from cruising, she is now owned by Istithmar (the investment company of Dubai World). She was designed primarily to run a transatlantic service from her home port of Southampton, England, to New York, USA, and was named after the earlier Cunard liner RMS Queen Elizabeth...

[ read more/mehr lesen ]

Stanford University in California

Stanford University in California

[caption id="attachment_186252" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Stanford University Campus © Jrissman/cc-by-3.0[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Stanford University (officially Leland Stanford Junior University, colloquially the Farm) is a private research university in Stanford, California. Stanford is known for its academic strength, wealth, proximity to Silicon Valley, and ranking as one of the world's top-ten universities. The university was founded in 1885 by Leland and Jane Stanford in memory of their only child, Leland Stanfor...

[ read more/mehr lesen ]

Rokycany in Czech Republic

Rokycany in Czech Republic

[caption id="attachment_159817" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Main Square © Miaow Miaow[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Rokycany is a town in the Plzeň Region of the Czech Republic. It lies 17 km (11 mi) to the East from the region capital of Plzeň on the confluence of the River Klabava and the Holoubkov Brook. Alternatively, the Holoubkovský potok is referred to as the Borecký potok and the section of the Klabava River down to the confluence as the Padrťský potok. There is another smaller brook in the western part of the to...

[ read more/mehr lesen ]

Theme Week Canary Islands - Fuerteventura

Theme Week Canary Islands - Fuerteventura

[caption id="attachment_153407" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Morro Jable © Yoshi[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]With 1,660 km² Fuerteventura is the second largest of the Canary Islands, after Tenerife. It was declared a biosphere reserve by UNESCO. The first tourist hotel was built in 1965 followed by the construction of Fuerteventura Airport at El Mattoral, heralding the dawn of a new era for the island. Fuerteventura, with its 3,000 sunshine hours a year, was placed firmly on the world stage as a major European holida...

[ read more/mehr lesen ]

Oceanside in California

Oceanside in California

[caption id="attachment_152261" align="aligncenter" width="590"] Oceanside Pier © Bill Newman[/caption][responsivevoice_button voice="UK English Female" buttontext="Listen to this Post"]Oceanside is a coastal city located on California's South Coast. It is the third-largest city in San Diego County, California. The city had a population of 183,000. Together with Carlsbad and Vista, it forms a tri-city area. Oceanside is located just south of Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton. Originally inhabited by Native Americans, the first European explorers arrived in 1769. Spanish missionaries un...

[ read more/mehr lesen ]

Return to Top ▲Return to Top ▲
San Jorge neighborhood © Pedro16792/cc-by-sa-4.0
Theme Week Bolivia – La Paz

La Paz, officially known as Nuestra Señora de La Paz (English: Our Lady of Peace), is the seat of government...

Sucre, capital de Bolivia © flickr.com - Micah MacAllen/cc-by-sa-2.0
Theme Week Bolivia – Sucre

Sucre is the constitutional capital of Bolivia, the capital of the Chuquisaca Department, and one of the capitals of Bolivia,...

© John Maxwell
Krka National Park in Croatia

Krka National Park is one of the Croatian national parks, named after the river Krka that it encloses. It is...

Schließen