Bangkok, capital of Thailand

Monday, 21 January 2019 - 11:00 am (CET/MEZ) Berlin | Author/Destination:
Category/Kategorie: General

Yaowarat Road, Bangkok's Chinatown at night © flickr.com - Ninara/cc-by-2.0

Yaowarat Road, Bangkok’s Chinatown at night © flickr.com – Ninara/cc-by-2.0

Bangkok is the capital and most populous city of Thailand. The city occupies 1,568.7 square kilometres (605.7 sq mi) in the Chao Phraya River delta in central Thailand, and has a population of over eight million, or 12.6 percent of the country’s population. Over fourteen million people (22.2 percent) lived within the surrounding Bangkok Metropolitan Region, making Bangkok the nation’s primate city, significantly dwarfing Thailand’s other urban centres in terms of importance.

Bangkok traces its roots to a small trading post during the Ayutthaya Kingdom in the 15th century, which eventually grew and became the site of two capital cities: Thonburi in 1768 and Rattanakosin in 1782. Bangkok was at the heart of the modernization of Siam, later renamed Thailand, during the late 19th century, as the country faced pressures from the West. The city was at the centre of Thailand’s political struggles throughout the 20th century, as the country abolished absolute monarchy, adopted constitutional rule, and underwent numerous coups and several uprisings. The city grew rapidly during the 1960s through the 1980s and now exerts a significant impact on Thailand’s politics, economy, education, media and modern society.

Aerial view of Lumphini Park © Terence Ong/cc-by-2.5 Floating Market © Azchael/cc-by-sa-3.0 Grand Palace from across the Chao Phraya River © Mda from the Thai Wikipedia/cc-by-sa-3.0 Khao San Road at night © flickr com - Kevin Poh/cc-by-2.0 Makkasan Highway interchange at night © aotaro/cc-by-2.0 View from Baiyoke Sky Hotel on Sukhumvit area © David McKelvey/cc-by-2.0 Wat Phra Kaeo in the Grand Palace © Aimaimyi/cc-by-sa-3.0 Yaowarat Road, Bangkok's Chinatown at night © flickr.com - Ninara/cc-by-2.0
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Grand Palace from across the Chao Phraya River © Mda from the Thai Wikipedia/cc-by-sa-3.0
The Asian investment boom in the 1980s and 1990s led many multinational corporations to locate their regional headquarters in Bangkok. The city is now a regional force in finance and business. It is an international hub for transport and health care, and has emerged as a centre for the arts, fashion, and entertainment. The city is known for its vibrant street life and cultural landmarks, as well as its notorious red-light districts. The historic Grand Palace and Buddhist temples including Wat Arun and Wat Pho stand in contrast with other tourist attractions such as the nightlife scenes of Khaosan Road and Patpong.

Bangkok’s rapid growth coupled with little urban planning has resulted in a haphazard cityscape and inadequate infrastructure. An inadequate road network, despite an extensive expressway network, together with substantial private car usage, have led to chronic and crippling traffic congestion, which caused severe air pollution in the 1990s. The city has since turned to public transport in an attempt to solve the problem. Five rapid transit lines are now in operation, with more systems under construction or planned by the national government and the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration.

Read more on City of Bangkok, TourismThailand.org – Bangkok, Bangkok Travel Guide, LonelyPlanet.com – Bangkok, Wikivoyage Bangkok and Wikipedia Bangkok (Smart Traveler App by U.S. Department of State). Photos by Wikimedia Commons. If you have a suggestion, critique, review or comment to this blog entry, we are looking forward to receive your e-mail at comment@wingsch.net. Please name the headline of the blog post to which your e-mail refers to in the subject line.






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