Moscow International Business CenterJune 9th, 2012 | General | 1 Comment »
Moscow International Business Center is a commercial district of central Moscow. Located near the Third Ring Road in Presnensky District of western Moscow, the Moscow-City area is currently under development.
The Moscow IBC is expected to become the first zone in Russia to combine business activity, living space and entertainment in one single development. The Moscow government first conceived the project in 1992. An estimated 250,000 – 300,000 people will be working, living, or visiting the complex at any given time.
The construction of Moscow IBC is taking place on the Presnenskaya embankment of the Moscow River approximately 4 kilometers (2.5 mi) west of Red Square, and just east of the Third Ring Road. The project occupies an area of 60 hectares, the territory chosen being the only area in central Moscow that can accommodate such a project. Before construction began, the area represented an old stone quarry where most of the buildings were old factories and industrial complexes that had been closed or abandoned.
- Tower 2000
The Tower 2000, a 30-story office building with four floors underground, is located on the south bank of the Moscow River. The tower is connected to the MIBC by the Bagration pedestrian bridge, which was the first completed structure of the MIBC, finished in 1999. It is located on the opposite side of the river from the main development. There is also underground parking, restaurants, and other entertainment and attractions in the tower. The tower is 106 meters high, and the total floor area of the complex is 60,000 square meters. Construction began in 1996 and the building was completed in late 2001.
- Evolution Tower (formerly known as Wedding Palace and City Palace)
The foundation of the Evolution Tower (formerly known as Wedding Palace and City Palace) was successfully completed in December 2008. The tower was on hold for some period of time, but is now once again under construction. The height is planned to be 250 m.
- Imperia Tower
Imperia Tower is a multipurpose complex located on plot 4 of the Moscow International Business Center. It will consist of 2 buildings, the mixed-use Building A and the water park entertainment complex in Building B. Building A, totaling 60 floors (239 m), will incorporate over 70,110 square meters (750,000 sq ft) of office space, 45,000 m2 (480,000 sq ft) of apartments, a 280 room hotel (30,000 m2/320,000 sq ft), and assorted retail outlets. The construction was completed in 2010. Building B (currently on hold) is planned to incorporate the water park and will be a focus of entertainment for the MIBC Complex. It will also house a shopping mall, restaurants and cafés, and will be open year-round.
- Central core
One of the most difficult structures to build in the MIBC is the Central Core. The Central Core consists of two main sections – the above-ground and underground. The underground part includes three metro stations. One is opened as a part of Filyovskaya Line branch. Second is planned to open as a part of Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line in 2014. The complex will also be connected to Vnukovo and Sheremetyevo airports via a high-speed transport system. Underground, parking is provided for up to 2750 vehicles, as well as central control rooms for maintenance, security, and other operations in the centre. The underground space also houses a shopping centre, which also functions as a lobby for the underground part of the complex, with walkways and passages for travel between other buildings in the MIBC. VIP parking will be available and is located on the western side of the Central Core.
- City of Capitals
The City of Capitals complex, symbolizing Moscow and St. Petersburg, is located on plot 9. The tower Moscow has become the first super tall skyscraper in Europe. More than half of the top floors are taken up to an entertainment complex, office suites, and large apartments. The Сity of Capitals consists of two towers – the 73-floor “Moscow Tower” and the 62-floor “St.-Petersburg Tower”, reaching heights of 306 and 255 meters, respectively.
- Naberezhnaya Tower
The “Naberezhnaya Tower” complex was completed in August 2007. It includes three buildings of heights of 17, 27 and 60 floors. In October 2004, the 17-story building was fully completed. In October 2005 the second, 27-story building was put into operation. Construction of the third skyscraper began in January 2005. Three plazas, one for each building, are at the first level below ground, and they are connected by a central pier.
- Transport Terminal
A transport terminal, located on plot 11, will be the transfer point between different subway lines and light rail lines and other public systems. There will also be offices, hotels, a clinic, and parking. There will be a transfer station between the metro and a high-speed transport system, which is planned to extend from Moscow-city, eventually ending at the three local airports.
- Eurasia Tower
The Eurasia Tower is an office/recreational space with a total area of 207,542 square meters. It will be situated on a three-tier podium in which will be placed a fitness centre, entertainment, restaurants, and shops. Other areas will be distributed as follows: 106,231 square meters will be reserved for office space, and residential apartments will occupy 21,185 square meters. On the bottom, there will be parking for more than 1,000 cars. The external design of the building is a combination of classical and modernist style.
- Federation Tower
Office complex “Federation” is on plot 13 MIBC “Moscow-city”. The structure represents a design of two tri-hedral towers with heights of 360 and 243 meters above the ground, located on a common base of 10 floors. Between them is the spike, with a height of 506 meters. A restaurant is planned in the towers, along with office suites and residential apartments divided by technical floors. In the spike, elevators with panoramic views and an evacuation stairway will be placed. In the base of the towers a full complex of retail and household services is planned.
- Mercury City Tower
The Mercury City Tower is a multipurpose building with housing, offices and shops. The structure’s height is 322 meters (380 with spire) above ground, with five underground floors. Architect Frank Williams says that it is the first environmentally-friendly building in Russia, and it is designed to collect melting snow water, as well as provide 70% of the workplaces with access to daylight.
- City Hall and City Duma
The City Hall and City Duma would have housed the Moscow government and duma. The structure was planned on consisting of four, 308.4-metre towers. Currently, most of the administration’s buildings are scattered all over the city. This complex would have brought them together, which would have provided better organization. The complex was planned to include a commercial part accommodating public, entertainment and business facilities as well as underground parking space. Apart from the government offices, the bottom part would have been open to visitors around the clock. Construction began in 2006. The current project status is: Canceled.
- Russia Tower
Construction began in September 2007, and was planned to be completed by 2011. Upon reaching its final height of 612.2 meters (2,009 ft), it would have been the tallest building in Europe and the second tallest in the world. However, construction was halted in November 2008 due to financial difficulties. In February 2009, it was announced that the project has been suspended and that it is now unlikely that the tower, in its original form, will be built. In June 2009, construction of the Russia Tower was cancelled in the face of mounting financial pressure. According to Russian press as of January 2012, Moscow government prolonged construction permit until December, 31 2015.
- Exhibition-business complex
The complex includes: a high-rise building of 59 floors, including 54 elevated and 5 underground; a large area of underground and elevated parking places; a helicopter landing pad on the roof of a high-rise part of the building. Residential apartments are located in the top part of the building with view of the greatest commercial appeal.
Three metro stations were initially planned for the Filyovskaya Line. The station “Delovoi Tsentr” (Business Center) opened in 2005, and was later renamed “Vystavochnaya” (“Exhibition”) in 2009. The branch extended to the “Mezhdunarodnaya” (“International “) station in 2006, and all work on third station, Dorogomilovskaya (between Kiyevskaya and Delovoi Tsentr), has been postponed.
- City government and business
The City Hall and City Duma will be home to the Moscow government. Other important organisations and businesses, for example, the Global Hyatt Corporation, have purchased space in Moscow-City. There is also a large pedestrian-mall bridge crossing Moskva River. The area is to become a new hub for business in Moscow and Russia, following completion.
Leseempfehlungen / Recommended Posts:
- The Lubyanka Building in Moscow
- The House on the Embankment
- Karelia, the historical landscape in Northern Europe
- The Alexander Palace in Pushkin
- The Moscow Kremlin
- First German department store ever located in Vladivostok: Kunst & Albers, a success story from Hamburg
- The Hotel Imperial in Vienna
- Nizhny Novgorod, the economic and cultural center of the Volga-Vyatka economic region
- Re-opening of the Bolshoi Theatre after the great renovation and restauration
- Sochi on the Russian Riviera